You can follow these general guidelines for offering Eid prayers at home. Note, however, that customs may differ based on cultural and regional traditions. It is always a good idea to consult local religious scholars for guidance tailored to the practices of your specific community. General guidelines for offering prayers:
1. Eid prayers should be offered individually or collectively in homes only.
2. If three or more people are present then it should be done in congregation led by the Imam.
3. If the Imam is able to deliver the Khutba (sermon), then the Khutba should be given after the prayer.
Eid prayer time is 15 minutes after sunrise till noon.
Guidelines for further Eid prayers according to the Hanafi madhhab
The presence of 4 mature persons including the Imam is necessary for the Khutba and Salah (prayer). Other family members can also attend the prayer at home.
The Eid prayer should be performed in 2 rak’ahs (units).
It is necessary to deliver the Eid khutba after the prayer.
Guidelines for further Eid prayers according to the Shafi’i madhhab
A person can pray Eid prayer alone, if he is alone then he can pray 2 rak’ahs. No preaching should be given.
If there are two or more persons, there will be one khutbah which will be delivered after two rak’ahs.
How to perform Eid prayer according to the Hanafi madhhab
When you stand up to pray, recite Takbirat al-Ihram (Allahu Akbar) first to start the prayer.
Say Takbeer three times before starting to read Quran.
Recite Surah Al-Fatiha and then read another Surah. (The Sunnah for the first and second rak’ahs was Surah al-Ala and Surah Ghashiya or Surah Kahf and Surah Qamar respectively. But it is okay to recite other Surahs.)
Bow normally and make two prostrations. This ends the first rak’ah.
After coming out of Sujud from the first rak’ah, you recite Surah Al-Fatiha and one more Surah.
After the Surah, say Takbeer 3 times, then say 1 additional Takbeer to go into Ruku.
After the ruku, you continue with the two prostrations and end the prayer with a final sitting as usual.
How to perform Eid prayer according to the Shafi’i madhhab
Start with 7 Takbirs and then start with recitation of Quran, Ruku and Sujud as usual.
When you wake up after saying 1 takbeer from the first rak’ah, recite 5 additional takbeers.
Continue in the usual way until the second rak’ah.
How to perform the Eid prayer according to the Maliki madhhab
To start the prayer, start with Takbirat al-Ihram, then 6 additional Takbirs. It is better (Sunnah) for those behind you to stop at this point so that they can repeat after you.
Recite Surah Al-Fatiha and one other Surah.
Bow, do sujood and come to the top of the first rak’ah saying 1 takbeer as usual.
Say 5 additional takbirs before continuing with your second rak’ah as usual.
How to pray Eid prayer for woman (beginners).
The Eid prayer, which is regarded as Sunnah Muaqqada – the highly advised Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), which he consistently practised, is a significant component of Eid-ul-Fitr. Although this is typically done in mosques or in a sizable open space, like a park, to suit the size of the crowd, such activities are forbidden during this time of social withdrawal.
Thankfully, the majority of fatwas have endorsed communal or solitary prayer at home, and we have provided you with the fundamental guidelines for offering Eid prayers.
TLDR? It is often a two-rak’ah prayer, like the Fajr or Sunnah prayer before and after the prayer, with takbirat in Qiyam included before to the reading of al-Fatiha in each rak’ah.
The Eid prayer’s niyyah, or purpose, is to do two Sunnah rak’ahs in order to appease Allah and as a manifestation of devotion and thankfulness on the auspicious day of Eid.
First praise, or Takbeer
Takbir, which meaning “Allah is the greatest,” is the cry “Allahu Akbar.” Like many prayers, this one begins with a Takbeer. After finishing the incantation, the worshipper should fold both hands over each other under his chest (right hand over left hand), with the palms facing forward. During the incantation, the worshipper should lift both hands to his ears.
Till Takbeer has been recited seven times, repeat step 2.
récit of the Qur’an.
The seventh takbir begins with the recitation of Surah al-Fatiha, the first verse of the Qur’an, and may be followed by one or more other surahs.
(Bow down) Ruku
The worshipper achieves this posture by leaning forward until his hands are on his knees, his attention is fixed on the Qiblah (the direction of the Kaaba), and his body forms a straight angle. He must recite “Subhana rabbi al-adhim” three times while in this position, which is Arabic for “My Lord, the Great, how free from imperfections.”
He should then stand up straight, place his hands by his side, and utter the phrase “Sami Allahu liman hamida, rabbana walak al-hamd,” which roughly translates to “Allah listens to those who praise Him.” All glory belongs to you, O Lord.
The individual praying says, “Allahu Akbar,” touches his nose and forehead with his palms while prostrating himself before Allah. He should say the dua “Subhana Rabi al-Ala” three times during Sujud (prostration), which means “My Lord is free from flaws, the Most High.”
Jalsa (between prostrations, sitting on the prayer rug)
After rising from the position of supineness, the person praying recites “Rabbighfirli” three times, which is Arabic for “My Lord, forgive me.”
second bowing down.
As can be seen in step 8, after the second prostration comes the identical proclamation as the first. The first rak’ah of the Eid prayer is now complete.
There should be five Takbir recitations, so repeat step two.
récit of the Qur’an.
The fifth takbir begins with the recitation of Surah al-Fatiha, the first verse of the Qur’an, and may be followed by one or more other surahs.
Repeat steps 6 through 10 once more.
In this case, the end of the rak’ah is not signalled by the second prostration.
Tashahhud (after the final prostration, sitting on the prayer rug)
After rising from the final prostration, the person praying sits on the prayer rug and says, “Attahayathu lillahi vassalavathu vatthayibathu, assalamu alayka ayyuha nabiyu warhamtullahi wabarakathuhu, assalamu alayna wa ala ibadillahi saliheen, ashshadu un la ilaha illallahu wa ashshadu anna muhammadan Abdulhu wa Rasuluhu. It means “All praise, prayers, and goodness are due to Allah.” O Prophet, may Allah grant you His peace, mercy, and blessings. God’s blessings and peace be upon us and his faithful servants. I attest that only Allah is deserving of worship, and I attest that Muhammad is both his servant and messenger. Then greetings known as Durood are given to Prophets Muhammad and Abraham. The person’s chosen prayer is then recited after that.
Assalamu alaikum warhamtullahi wabarakathuhu, which translates to “peace, mercy, and blessings of Allah be upon you,” is said after this dua as the supplicant salutes his right and then his left. “you” to conclude the invocation.
The Eid prayer is commonly recognised as marking the start of the fortunate day. Takbeer, the invocation of the six Kalimas, and several salutations are typical prayers said throughout the day to commemorate. It is the Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) to announce “Eid Mubarak” and distribute Salaam to announce Eid.